The programme for the April 2021 Politics and Ethics of Platform Labour conference is now out and registration is open. See http://www.crassh.cam.ac.uk/events/29233.
Digital platforms are increasingly important forms of organising work today, from the physical labour of driving, delivery, cleaning and other tasks to freelance digital labour. Sites connect clients to workers, organise payment, and take commission, while mostly seeking to avoid the responsibilities that an employer might have to employees. New forms of profit and remuneration have come into being, shaping workers’ experience and livelihoods in multiple and changing ways. Via platforms like Uber, Lyft, Instacart or Deliveroo, workers and clients come into direct contact on city streets or in people’s homes, and there have been some recent attempts to engage politically to improve labour conditions; as well as reactions from the firms themselves. Another main form of platform labour is digital labour, from the ‘ghost work’ that drives contemporary AI and machine learning systems to the freelance personal assistance, translation, analysis, processing, writing, designing and editing of web-based data, available through sites like UpWork, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Fiverr.
The conference seeks to explore the politics and ethics of these ways of organising labour from the perspective of the lived experience of the workers themselves. We hope to attract a broad range of activists, social scientists, social theorists and philosophers of platform capitalism to this conversation and especially invite papers that focus on qualitative and ethnographic research with platform workers.
Papers might address questions such as (but not limited to):
- What is it that workers like and dislike about platform labour? How do they evaluate their own conditions, and how would they like them to improve?
- Are there specific classed/gendered/racialized experiences that mark different types of platform work?
- What are the social networks that workers develop around this form of labour, and how does it fit together with their daily lives, hopes, values and family situations?
- Are new forms of social or geographical mobility enabled by platform labour?
- What are the possibilities for and limitations to collective action (including legal action)?
- What is the moral economy of platform work? Are platform workers developing new mechanisms of self-regulation and new technologies of individual and collective resistance?
- What is the appropriate relationship between worker, client and employer? Does the platform itself dictate that relationship?
- Do platforms make exploitation easier than conventional employment forms, or even inevitable? Could there be principals of design that would mitigate against that?
- What is the role of regulation in reality, and what could its role be?
- How have these questions been affected by the Covid-19 pandemic? With some platform labourers becoming ‘essential’ workers, while new workers join digital platforms as their analogue employment prospects contract, how has the pandemic changed the experience of platform labour and the possibilities for its future?
The conference will be held online in April 2021, but we plan to hold an in-person meeting of some or all of the speakers in Cambridge later in the year, for which travel bursaries will be available.
We are grateful to CRASSH, the Max-Cam Centre and the EASA Anthropology of Labour network for support.